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Perl API

What's Covered

This tutorial illustrates how to access match metrics. The following is covered:

  • How to retrieve device Id.
  • How to retrieve match method.
  • How to retrieve difference.
  • How to retrieve rank.

Code and Explanation

Getting started example of using 51Degrees device detection match metrics information. The example shows how to:

  1. Set the various settings for 51Degrees detector

    my $filename = "51Degrees-LiteV3.2.dat";
    my $propertyList = "IsMobile"
    my $cacheSize = 10000;
    my $poolSize = 20;
    

  2. Instantiate the 51Degrees device detection provider with these properties

    my $provider = new FiftyOneDegrees::PatternV3::Provider(
    	$dataFile,
    	$properties,
    	$cacheSize,
    	$poolSize);
    

  3. Produce a match for a single HTTP User-Agent header

    my $match = $provider->getMatch($userAgent)
    

  4. Obtain device Id: consists of four components separated by a hyphen symbol: Hardware-Platform-Browser-IsCrawler where each Component represents an ID of the corresponding Profile.

    match->getDeviceId();
  5. Obtain match method: provides information about the algorithm that was used to perform detection for a particular User-Agent. For more information on what each method means please see: How device detection works

    match->getMethod();
  6. Obtain difference: used when detection method is not Exact or None. This is an integer value and the larger the value the less confident the detector is in this result.

    match->getDifference();
  7. Obtain signature rank: an integer value that indicates how popular the device is. The lower the rank the more popular the signature.

    match->getRank();
This example assumes you are running from the original subdirectory i.e. Device-Detection/perl/examples/ and the 51Degrees Perl module is installed.

Full Source File
use FiftyOneDegrees::PatternV3;
use feature qw/say/;

my $filename = "../../data/51Degrees-LiteV3.2.dat";
my $propertyList = "IsMobile";
my $cacheSize = 10000;
my $poolSize = 20;

# User-Agent string of an iPhone mobile device.
my $mobileUserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 7_1 like Mac OS X) ".
"AppleWebKit/537.51.2 (KHTML, like Gecko) 'Version/7.0 ".
"Mobile/11D167 Safari/9537.53";

# User-Agent string of Firefox Web browser version 41 on desktop.
my $desktopUserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:41.0) ".
"Gecko/20100101 Firefox/41.0";

# User-Agent string of a MediaHub device.
my $mediaHubUserAgent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 4.4.2; X7 Quad Core ".
"Build/KOT49H) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 ".
"Chrome/30.0.0.0 Safari/537.36";

# Initialises the device detection provider with the settings declared above.
# This uses Lite data file. For more info
# see:
# <a href="https://51degrees.com/compare-data-options">compare data options
# </a>

my $provider = new FiftyOneDegrees::PatternV3::Provider(
    $filename,
    $propertyList,
    $cacheSize,
    $poolSize);

# output_metrics function. Takes a match object as an argument and
# prints the match metrics relating to the specific match.

sub output_metrics {
    my $match = $_[0];
    my $deviceId = $match->getDeviceId();
    my $method = $match->getMethod();
    my $difference = $match->getDifference();
    my $rank = $match->getRank();

    say "   Device Id: $deviceId";
    say "   Match Method: $method";
    say "   Difference: $difference";
    say "   Rank: $rank";

    return;
}

say "Staring Gettings Started Match Metrics Example.";

# Carries out a match with a mobile User-Agent.
say "\nMobile User-Agent: $mobileUserAgent";
my $match = $provider->getMatch($mobileUserAgent);
output_metrics($match);

# Carries out a desktop with a mobile User-Agent.
say "\nDesktop User-Agent: $desktopUserAgent";
my $match = $provider->getMatch($desktopUserAgent);
output_metrics($match);

# Carries out a MediaHub with a mobile User-Agent.
say "\nMediaHub User-Agent: $mediaHubUserAgent";
my $match = $provider->getMatch($mediaHubUserAgent);
output_metrics($match);

Full Source File

Summary

Match metrics is an additional piece of information about each match result. It can help developers spot fake User-Agents and determine the general level of confidence the detector has in the current detection results.

Device metrics consists of four parts: device Id, detection method, difference and rank.

Device Id is composed of four components, each represented as a number and separated by the hyphen symbol. Numbers correspond to profile IDs the detector has selected for that particular component. The four components are: hardware, software, browser and crawler. For more information please see the 51Degrees Data Model.

The detection method provides information on what algorithm was used for this particular detection and difference indicates by how much the provided User-Agent is different to the best signatures found in the data file. The larger the number the less confident the detector is. Difference for the 'exact' method is always zero. Difference for the 'none' detection method is irrelevant. For more information see the How Device Detection Works page.

Rank value tells you how popular the identified device is. The lower the value the more popular the device. Popularity is derived by 51Degrees based on our observed usage level.

Other uses for match metrics include:

  • Ranking devices by popularity. Best used in conjunction with other tutorials to rank the results based on the general device popularity.
  • Storing device Id for analytics instead of individual profiles.

The Lite data file contains 132,765 device combinations, whilst Premium and Enterprise contain 345,682 and 515,728 device combinations respectively. A larger set of device combinations leads to the 'exact' detection method being used more frequently and the rank providing a more accurate value.