51Degrees Pipeline Documentation  4.1

Parallel Execution

Introduction

Parallel execution can refer to two or more flow elements whose processing is executed simultaneously within the Pipeline.

It also refers to the ability of an individual flow element instance to process multiple requests simultaneously. For example, one Pipeline instance with one flow element being called from separate threads.

Note, that some languages with Pipeline implementations do not have the built-in ability to handle parallel execution. For example, the PHP process runs in a single-thread, so flow elements cannot be configured to run in parallel.

Executing Flow Elements in Parallel

By default, flow elements are executed sequentially in the order they are added to the Pipeline. However, if the language supports it, two or more flow elements can be executed in parallel within the overall sequential structure.

In the example above, elements E1 and E2 will start their processing at the same time.

Note that parallel execution is limited by the hardware the Pipeline is running on. If the CPU only has two cores, then running four elements in parallel is unlikely to prove effective.

Calling the Pipeline from Multiple Threads

The Pipeline is able to handle concurrent process requests. However, the ability of a flow element to also support this will depend on its individual implementation.

All 51Degrees flow elements have been designed to function correctly in this scenario. (Assuming the language supports it). If you are writing a custom element and want to ensure it will work in multi-threaded scenarios then see the custom element parallel example.