51Degrees Device Detection Varnish  4.4

A device detection module for Varnish


This example is available in full on GitHub.

This example requires a local data file. The free 'Lite' data file can be acquired by pulling the git submodules under this repository (run `git submodule update --recursive`) or from the device-detection-data GitHub repository.

The Lite data file is only used for illustration, and has limited accuracy and capabilities. Find out about the more capable data files that are available on our pricing page

The path to the data need to be updated before running the example.

Access localhost:8080 from a browser which supports client-hints. the output will show first the device properties from the standard headers alone. By clicking the "Make second request" button, the properties will refresh using the client-hint headers fetched from the browser.

Expected output:

User Agent Client Hints Example
Select the Make second request button below, to use User Agent Client Hint headers in evidence for device detections.
Browser Vendor: Google
Browser Name: Chrome
Browser Version: 91
vcl 4.0;
import fiftyonedegrees;
backend default {
.host = "";
.port = "80";
sub vcl_recv {
if (req.url ~ "/") {
return (synth(800, ""));
sub vcl_synth {
// Set the client-hint response headers that request more info
// from the browser. Here we're using vcl_synth, rather than
// vcl_deliver so that we don't have to set up a backend just
// for the example.
// Serve the example page. NOTE: this is not a good example of
// returning a file, it's just for simplicity.
if (resp.status == 800) {
set resp.status = 200;
set resp.http.Content-Type = "text/html; charset=utf-8";
<h2>User Agent Client Hints Example</h2>
By default, the user-agent, sec-ch-ua and sec-ch-ua-mobile HTTP headers
are sent.
<br />
This means that on the first request, the server can determine the
browser from sec-ch-ua while other details must be derived from the
<br />
If the server determines that the browser supports client hints, then
it may request additional client hints headers by setting the
Accept-CH header in the response.
<br />
Select the <strong>Make second request</strong> button below,
to use send another request to the server. This time, any
additional client hints headers that have been requested
will be included.
<button type='button' onclick='redirect()'>Make second request</button>
// This script will run when button will be clicked and device detection request will again
// be sent to the server with all additional client hints that was requested in the previous
// response by the server.
// Following sequence will be followed.
// 1. User will send the first request to the web server for detection.
// 2. Web Server will return the properties in response based on the headers sent in the request. Along
// with the properties, it will also send a new header field Accept-CH in response indicating the additional
// evidence it needs. It builds the new response header using SetHeader[Component name]Accept-CH properties
// where Component Name is the name of the component for which properties are required.
// 3. When 'Make second request' button will be clicked, device detection request will again
// be sent to the server with all additional client hints that was requested in the previous
// response by the server.
// 4. Web Server will return the properties based on the new User Agent Client Hint headers
// being used as evidence.
function redirect() {
sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad = true;
window.onload = function () {
if (sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad) {
document.getElementById('description').innerHTML = '<p>The information shown below is determined using <strong>User Agent Client Hints</strong> that was sent in the request to obtain additional evidence. If no additional evidence appears in the table above, then it may indicate an external problem such as <strong>User Agent Client Hints</strong> being disabled or unsupported by your browser.</p>';
sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad = false;
else {
document.getElementById('description').innerHTML = '<p>The following values are determined by sever-side device detection on the first request.</p>';
var evidence = "} + fiftyonedegrees.evidence_used() + {";
var table = document.getElementById('evidence');
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(evidence)) {
var row = document.createElement('tr');
row.innerHTML = '<td>' + key + '</td><td>' + value + '</td>';
<strong>Evidence values used:</strong>
<table id='evidence'>
<br />
<div id=description></div>
<div id='content'>
<strong>Detection results:</strong>
Hardware Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("HardwareVendor") + {"<br />
Hardware Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("HardwareName") + {"<br />
Device Type: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("DeviceType") + {"<br />
Platform Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformVendor") + {"<br />
Platform Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformName") + {"<br />
Platform Version: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformVersion") + {"<br />
Browser Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserVendor") + {"<br />
Browser Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserName") + {"<br />
Browser Version: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserVersion") + {"
return (deliver);
sub vcl_init {