51Degrees Device Detection Varnish  4.3

A device detection module for Varnish


This example is available in full on GitHub.

This example requires a local data file. Free data files can be acquired by pulling the submodules under this repository or from the device-detection-data GitHub repository.

The path to the data need to be updated before running the example.

Access localhost:8080 from a browser which supports client-hints. the output will show first the device properties from the standard headers alone. By clicking the "Make second request" button, the properties will refresh using the client-hint headers fetched from the browser.

Expected output:

User Agent Client Hints Example
Select the Make second request button below, to use User Agent Client Hint headers in evidence for device detections.
Browser Vendor: Google
Browser Name: Chrome
Browser Version: 91
vcl 4.0;
import fiftyonedegrees;
backend default {
.host = "";
.port = "80";
sub vcl_recv {
if (req.url ~ "/") {
return (synth(800, ""));
sub vcl_synth {
// Set the client-hint response headers that request more info
// from the browser. Here we're using vcl_synth, rather than
// vcl_deliver so that we don't have to set up a backend just
// for the example.
// Serve the example page. NOTE: this is not a good example of
// returning a file, it's just for simplicity.
if (resp.status == 800) {
set resp.status = 200;
set resp.http.Content-Type = "text/html; charset=utf-8";
<h2>User Agent Client Hints Example</h2>
By default, the user-agent, sec-ch-ua and sec-ch-ua-mobile HTTP headers
are sent.
<br />
This means that on the first request, the server can determine the
browser from sec-ch-ua while other details must be derived from the
<br />
If the server determines that the browser supports client hints, then
it may request additional client hints headers by setting the
Accept-CH header in the response.
<br />
Select the <strong>Make second request</strong> button below,
to use send another request to the server. This time, any
additional client hints headers that have been requested
will be included.
<button type='button' onclick='redirect()'>Make second request</button>
// This script will run when button will be clicked and device detection request will again
// be sent to the server with all additional client hints that was requested in the previous
// response by the server.
// Following sequence will be followed.
// 1. User will send the first request to the web server for detection.
// 2. Web Server will return the properties in response based on the headers sent in the request. Along
// with the properties, it will also send a new header field Accept-CH in response indicating the additional
// evidence it needs. It builds the new response header using SetHeader[Component name]Accept-CH properties
// where Component Name is the name of the component for which properties are required.
// 3. When 'Make second request' button will be clicked, device detection request will again
// be sent to the server with all additional client hints that was requested in the previous
// response by the server.
// 4. Web Server will return the properties based on the new User Agent Client Hint headers
// being used as evidence.
function redirect() {
sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad = true;
window.onload = function () {
if (sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad) {
document.getElementById('description').innerHTML = '<p>The information shown below is determined using <strong>User Agent Client Hints</strong> that was sent in the request to obtain additional evidence. If no additional evidence appears in the table above, then it may indicate an external problem such as <strong>User Agent Client Hints</strong> being disabled or unsupported by your browser.</p>';
sessionStorage.reloadAfterPageLoad = false;
else {
document.getElementById('description').innerHTML = '<p>The following values are determined by sever-side device detection on the first request.</p>';
var evidence = "} + fiftyonedegrees.evidence_used() + {";
var table = document.getElementById('evidence');
for (const [key, value] of Object.entries(evidence)) {
var row = document.createElement('tr');
row.innerHTML = '<td>' + key + '</td><td>' + value + '</td>';
<strong>Evidence values used:</strong>
<table id='evidence'>
<br />
<div id=description></div>
<div id='content'>
<strong>Detection results:</strong>
Hardware Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("HardwareVendor") + {"<br />
Hardware Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("HardwareName") + {"<br />
Device Type: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("DeviceType") + {"<br />
Platform Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformVendor") + {"<br />
Platform Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformName") + {"<br />
Platform Version: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("PlatformVersion") + {"<br />
Browser Vendor: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserVendor") + {"<br />
Browser Name: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserName") + {"<br />
Browser Version: "} + fiftyonedegrees.match_all("BrowserVersion") + {"
return (deliver);
sub vcl_init {